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Sports-related overuse injuries in spine
Arthrosc Orthop Sports Med 2022;9:6-12
Published online May 1, 2022;  https://doi.org/10.14517/aosm21010
© 2022 Korean Arthroscopy Society and Korean Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine.

Dong-Gune Chang1, Ho Jae Lee2, Jin Ho Hwang3, Jae Hyuk Yang2

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, 3Himnaera Hospital, Pusan, Korea
Correspondence to: Jae Hyuk Yang, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6949-6954
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 148 Gurodong-ro, Guro-gu, Seoul 08308, Korea. Tel: +82-2-2626-3091, Fax: +82-2-2626-1164, E-mail: kuspine@korea.ac.kr
Received October 3, 2021; Revised October 31, 2021; Accepted November 1, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The spine balances the torso, disperses the force transmitted from the upper and lower limbs, and acts as a bridge between the upper and lower extremities during exercise. Because the spine is exposed to repeated stress during exercise for a long time, the incidence of overuse damage during exercise and training is known to be high. Overuse injury in the spine could occur in various exercise events. It occurs in the vertebral body, joint structures (facet joint and intervertebral disc), and core muscles surrounding the vertebrae. Spinal overuse injury of the vertebrae is typically a stress fracture that occurs in pars interarticularis. Overuse injury typically in the intervertebral disc is known as progressed degeneration and herniation. Core muscles surrounding the spine are known to play an essential role in preventing overuse injury in the spine. In the event of pain during or after the game, active diagnosis and treatment of causes can prevent from progressing to overuse injury. Additionally, resting and rehabilitation treatment are important for athletes to return to the game promptly and smoothly after overuse injury.
Keywords : Spine; Overuse injury; Core muscle
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