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Prevalence of and risk factors for lower back pain in university basketball players
Arthrosc Orthop Sports Med 2021;8:54-60
Published online November 1, 2021;  https://doi.org/10.14517/aosm21009
© 2021 Korean Arthroscopy Society and Korean Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine.

Jin Hwan Kim, Gyu Heon Lee, Sung Tan Cho

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence to: Sung Tan Cho, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2559-4066
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, 170 Juhwa-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang 10380, Korea. Tel: +82-31-910-7968, Fax: +82-31-910-7967, E-mail: osdoctor0712@gmail.com
Received August 4, 2021; Revised October 4, 2021; Accepted October 18, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Few studies have specifically addressed the prevalence of and risk factors for lower back pain (LBP) in basketball players. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for LBP in a sample of university-level basketball players in Korea.
Methods: A total of 63 basketball players of five universities in Korea were included in the study. A survey was conducted in athletes using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included items such as age, height, weight, career length, amount of training, LBP intensity, history of LBP throughout the lifetime, history of lower back injury, frequency of LBP in the past year, and smoking and drinking (i.e., alcohol consumption) history. To analyze risk factors for LBP, the LBP and non-LBP groups were compared using multiple regression analysis.
Results: Of the 63 athletes, 53 (84.1%) had LBP throughout their lifetime (lifetime prevalence), and 44 (69.8%) had LBP in the past year (one-year prevalence). Multiple regression analysis revealed that daily training time (P = 0.034; odds ratio [OR], 1.706) and history of lower back injury (P = 0.048; OR, 9.834) were the main risk factors for LBP.
Conclusion: The prevalence of LBP was relatively high in Korean university basketball players. Risk factors for LBP included daily training duration and history of lower back injury. For the back health of basketball players, it is necessary to control the amount of training and prevent lower back injury.
Keywords : Lower back pain; Basketball; Prevalence; Risk factor; Korea
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November 2021, 8 (2)